Today we will go to one of the most famous and popular carnivals of the world — the Venice carnival (Carnevale di Venezia), which we visited in February of this year. To begin to tell a little about the history of the Venetian carnival.
Venetian carnival – this is an annual festival held in Venice. Carnival always ends 40 days before Easter, i.e. Fat Tuesday, the eve of Ash Wednesday, which marks the beginning of lent. That’s why carnival held at different times! For example, in 2013, the carnival was from 26 January to 12 February, and in 2015 the dates of the carnival from 31 January to 17 February .
The Venice carnival takes place from 1162, when the Venetian Republic had won some sort of military victory, after that the people began to dance and party in the Piazza San Marco. In 1797 the king of Austria banned the carnival and wearing masks, because the Venetians loved to wear masks from August to lent.
In 1979 the Italian government again began to organize a carnival in Venice, including to attract tourists. Currently, the carnival attracts more than 3 million tourists . that is really a lot considering the fact that Venice is a small city.
Of course, the carnival takes place every day, but most of the tour on the carnival – this Saturday and Sunday. So we went to Venice for the weekend. On Saturday I was supposed to be a contest for the most beautiful mask, cooking show, parade, evening at San Marco, were to act as DJs and pass spectacular costume show “Abba Show”. But the weather had its own opinion on this matter, and Saturday was a heavy rain and wind. When I say raining, it means neither a raincoat nor an umbrella or waterproof jacket didn’t help. In the end, all activities were cancelled and people had to sit for hotels and restaurants. Although we were lucky, a week in Venice the flood happened . and the ice-floes!
The next day the sun came out, the heat came, and we went to the celebration.
In the Piazza San Marco there was a parade in which each province of the Veneto region represented the best costumes.
But the number of people struck. It was very uncomfortable in this crowd.
When we tired of standing in the crowd, and we realized that the procession will be for a long time, we went to walk around the city and to consider the dressed up people.
These days there are a lot of dressed up people, the holiday.
Dressed people willingly pose for photos.
And give some kisses.
That’s such a fun all my friends I met on one of the streets of Venice.
Some people make costumes with a modern twist, such as this pair. The guy dressed up as Super Mario, and the girl like a Princess from the cartoon.
While walking we stumbled upon one of the main events of the carnival – “the Flight of the angel” with tall columns of San Marco campanile di San Marco). The flight represents the descent of the winner of carnival beauty contest with columns on the scene. The descent takes about 3 minutes.
In addition to the parade and activities on the Central square anyone can go on various theatrical performances, fancy dinners, or formal balls. Only need to purchase tickets in advance and create your own unique costume and mask . without a costume you will not be allowed, because there is a strict dresscode. All of these events are held at various hotels and palaces, for example, Hotel Monaco & Grand Canal, Palazzo Pisani Moretta and others.
One of the main symbols of the Venetian carnival, and the city of Venice – this mask. Venetian masks made of leather, porcelain or glass using the original technology. In our time the majority of masks are made from plaster, and decorated with gold leaf, natural feathers, precious and semi-precious stones, beads, enamel, it all depends on the artist. Below will tell you about the main types of masks.
One of the most popular Venetian masks. She appeared in the 17th century and served as an effective cover for the representatives of any class, and gender. Despite their creepy appearance, enjoyed a special love of the people who wore it in conjunction with a long black cloak that hides the figure, and a triangular hat. Bauta was considered the perfect mask for VIPs who loved to go “the people” or visit the brothels incognito. Interestingly, the lower portion of it was set up so that people could eat and drink without exposing the face. Bauta had another advantage: due to the specific form, the voice of a man changed, allowing you to remain unrecognizable. One of the varieties of this mask is called “Bauta Casanova”, in honor invariably preferred her Casanova, and different from the classic Bauta presence tricorno (triangle hat).
This mask is often decorated with gold, silver, crystals and feathers. The mask was part of the image of one of the characters, namely the servant of the Commedia Dell’arte. Legend has it that the actress was so beautiful that I did not want to hide the face, and specially created mask that covers only part of the face.
Moretta (Moretta muta/ Servetta muta)
Oval mask “Dumb lady” of black velvet was invented in France. This mask is the most mysterious, but at the same time the most romantic. She has no mouth, the mask is mounted on the face due to the pin, which is clamped in his teeth, denying women the chance to speak. Another name mask — Servetta Muta “Silent servant”.
Venetian Lady (Dama di Venezia)
Very elegant and refined mask depicting a noble Venetian beauty era of Titian — smart, Laden with jewels, with intricately styled hair. The woman has several varieties: liberty, Valerie, Salome, Fantasy, etc.
Cats in Venice was short, so they were treated with respect, and even dedicated one of carnival masks. There was a legend about how a man from China came here penniless, but with a cat. The cat, a gift that was old and decrepit, have caught all the Palace mice, surprised and delighted the Doge (the head of the Venetian Republic). The animal remained in Venice, and the Chinese returned home a rich man. One of his wealthy neighbors decided that time in Europe, even for such an animal would pay such a price, the precious silk will generally pay a fucking fortune. Said — made. When the merchant arrived with a cargo to Venice, the Doge was so excited about the fabrics that I offered to give them the most valuable thing he has. The merchant agreed. So poor old cat was again in China.
On the photo mask, the cat in the middle. On the right is the mask VOLTO . about which I will tell you.
Volto – it’s Italian face. This mask is the most neutral of all Venetian masks, because it follows the shape of the face. Attached to this head mask with tape. Unlike the Bauta mask, VOLTO cannot be worn while eating and drinking, because the mouth of a mask is always closed.
The mask of the Plague Doctor in normal times, not worn, but when Venice was hit by the plague, doctors wore this mask when visiting patients. In Church and her long nose put various oils and other substances that protect doctors from infection. Over the clothes, the doctor wore a long black coat and black hat and white gloves.
There are several types of Venetian masks, but they are not so popular. Prices of different masks, conventional mask can be bought for 3-10 Euros and 1000 Euros.
To go or not to go on this Grand event, you decide, but keep in mind that the weather at this time of year you will likely not get lucky. Another negative – that the prices in the restaurants of Venice, who are also quite high, but the Italians cook seafood just amazing! Well, the last not a very pleasant thing – it is a very large number of people in the narrow streets of Venice.
And finally publish another photo of the beautiful Venetian masks.