Pass the carnival in Rio De Janeiro Carnivals and Festivals

“Oh, Rio, Rio, the roar of the tide” — the dream city of Ostap Bender and the world capital of carnivals in combination. Grand annual carnival in Rio is a unique artistic event — the benchmark, which are equal to the festivals organized around the globe.

Brazilian carnival begins on Saturday, 40 days before Easter and before the beginning of lent, merriment lasts 4 days and ends on “Fat Tuesday”.

Carnival in Rio is remarkable that it not only memorable entertainment for guests from around the world, but a meeting with a true culture of Brazil.

For residents of the country’s most important carnival event, concentrating traditions and preferences of the people.

This celebration of joy, where people are dancing, singing and having fun literally “till you drop”. The atmosphere is liberating and allows you to let go of the feelings, emotions and be happy for real, the rhythms of Brazilian Samba.

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The celebration is preceded by months of preparation. Each year residents look forward to its beginning. It begins with the coronation of the “fat king” (King Momo), who is the mayor hands over the huge key of gold and silver. Then the carnival bursts into the streets and squares, bars and clubs, covering the entire city. The culmination of the festival parade, known as the Samba Parade.

From the history of the carnival

The roots of the carnival tradition goes back to the ancient Greeks and Romans, who arranged the ceremony in honor of the arrival of spring. In Rio, the concept of “carnival” came through the Portuguese in 1850. Urban bourgeoisie had brought from Paris the fashion for costume balls. However, in Brazil, the colorful tradition of the holiday acquired its quite a different sense.

During the Carnival the aristocrats dressed as peasants, men and draping dresses, and the poor for a time became princes and princesses — once a year, only at the festival, the social differences and the role lost its importance and was drastically changing.

Even the most proprietary of the people — the slaves of Negroes within three days of becoming full participants in the celebration. To this day the Negro slum communities are the most active participants in the preparations for the holiday.

By the end of the 18th century to traditional added fun competitions.

Until the early 20th century, the carnival in Rio was enough European event — played and danced the polka, waltzes, Mazurka and traditional Scottish dancing. During the Second World war parades were discontinued and resumed in 1947. Recent important changes — the main Carnival parade moved from the center of the city in a specially built for this building under the open sky — Sambodromo.

The main ingredients.

So, the most active participants of the festival are poor families in the shanty towns (favelas) is an excellent illustration to the Russian proverb “necessity is the mother of invention.” They create the mood and ambiance of a traditional celebration. And no wonder — for them, the Carnival is the only opportunity once a year to escape from everyday hardships and plunge into endless fun.

Favela residents often are members of a local Samba school and are responsible for the costumes and performances of their ensembles. Carnival and Samba for them another passion besides football.

Transvestites and homosexuals also take an active part in the carnival in Rio. For all this time to get together and have fun. In one moment, Brazil is the most tolerant country on the planet. Costumes allow priority on any gender and social role and simultaneously blur the boundaries and prejudices.

Street carnival is living proof of the sincere passion of the Brazilians.


Of course all the music that is played at a Carnival is Samba. This is a unique Brazilian music, born in Rio and dance invented by the poor Afro-Brazilians.

The word Samba comes from the Angolan “Semba” is the title of ritual music. It was used for prayers or to invoke the spirits of their ancestors or African gods. As a noun it could mean the complaint, plea, or something like “longing”.

The inhabitants of each quarter of the city is your favorite street band. Each orchestra has its place or street to parade. From the beginning of the year you can see people dancing Samba on the streets of Rio in the weekends and during carnival.

The orchestra goes on a particular route or plays in one place, but it always attracts a bustling crowd of regulars, dressed in costumes, bathing suits, and even crossdressers in feminine dresses.

Most popular groups at the Carnival

Cordão do Bola Preta is one of the most famous orchestras, arranging a March in the city centre.

Banda de Ipanema — suit parade in three different days in Ipanema, usually attract a large crowd of guests not traditional sexual orientation.

Suvaco do Cristo — suit parade in the vicinity of the Botanical gardens, down from the hand of the statue of Christ the Redeemer. For this reason the name was chosen “Armpit of Christ”.

Carmelitas was allegedly organized by the nuns, but is rather an allegory of the orchestra. The procession passes down the hills of Santa Teresa.

Avoid traffic jams along the path of movement of orchestras movement is blocked, and the bus routes are changing. Some bands attract more than 10,000 participants. Many have branded t-shirts that are possible to buy on the spot for $ 10, and thereby to help the musicians and to get a unique souvenir (because they are sold only in Rio and only during the Carnival season).

Where to stay.

The trip to the carnival will have to prepare — pre-book is not only a flight and a ticket to the Carnival, but also the hotel.

The so-called Zona Sul (South of Rio) is the most pleasant area in Rio. Located next to the sea, and it is the most “civilized” part of the city. Beaches and areas of Copacabana and Ipanema to the Carnival form a gigantic stage for events — so do not miss out.

Leblon is more prestigious (expensive respectively) district, and is also an excellent place to stay. Most hotels during carnival only offer a fixed package for 4 nights, and prices higher than at other times.

Although it is recommended to rent a room in the hotel (given the service and security), you can find listings in the “private sector”- many local residents Rio rent out their apartments and rooms at the Carnival.

Well, after all the preparations — were to throw away all the everyday worries and to join the famous carnival in Rio de Janeiro!

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