Solstice — time in the yearly rotation of the Earth around the Sun, when there is the shortest day or the shortest night. In year two solstice — winter and summer. In the Northern hemisphere the winter solstice occurs on 21 or 22 December and then there is the shortest day (and longest night), summer — 20 or 21 June and then there is the shortest night and the longest day). In the southern hemisphere on the dates given are, respectively, the summer and winter solstices.
In the mid-latitudes, during the year, in spring and early summer, the Sun every day rises higher above the horizon, and at the time of the summer solstice stops and changes its movement reversed. Then it rises every day and in the end, at the time of the winter solstice, again changes its movement in reverse and starts to climb.
In the times of the solstices the Sun in its apparent motion along the Ecliptic is most distant from the celestial equator, reaches its greatest declination North or South.
Due to various inequalities in the motion of the Earth, era solstice oscillate at 1—2 days. The summer solstice, when the Sun has the greatest Northern declination, it is an average of 21 June, this day is the beginning of summer. The winter solstice, when the greatest southern declination Continue reading
In mid-February in the world comes from a series of colorful, elegant and extremely fun carnivals held literally all over the world – each country, even each town there is a picturesque, characteristic festival.
Where did the carnivals – to this question yet no one could give a definite answer. Options, however, many, because, according to some, the carnival has its origins in Ancient Egypt. others believe that it originated in the era when the Roman Empire reached its maximum prosperity. However, all are unanimous in the opinion that the carnivals are one of the most brilliant and extremely popular holidays on Earth. attracting hundreds of thousands and even millions of tourists from all.
RIA Novosti has made a rating. which included the TOP 10 most popular carnivals of the world.
The palm from Rio!
First place in the ranking of the TOP 10 from RIA Novosti is known throughout the world, probably the most hazardous and the most fun carnival in Rio de Janeiro. For perhaps the most famous in the world of Brazilian carnival opens carnival season, a characteristic chariots, masks, lots of colors, music, and of course myself “sauce” festival – and igniting erotic dance Samba. Several thousand people Continue reading